What is the main objective of post harvest technology?

2002-07-20 The three main objectives of applying postharvest technology to harvested fruits and vegetables are: to maintain quality (appearance, texture, flavor and nutritive value) to protect food safety, and to reduce losses between harvest and consumption.

What is the post harvest technology?

Post harvest technology is inter-disciplinary “Science and Technique” applied to agricultural produce after harvest for its protection, conservation, processing, packaging, distribution, marketing, and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of the people in relation to their needs.

Why is post harvest management important?


The importance of post-harvest management has been established over the years—it strengthens the action chain that produces, transports, and processes food and all other related products that give sustenance to the world population.

How can post harvest technology help our economy?

Postharvest research contributes to reducing poverty by enhancing income earning opportunities for poor people, and by providing time-saving processed foods to the urban poor. … Reduced wastage during storage reduces food and income losses for farmers.

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What are the major post harvest causes?

Causes of post-harvest loss in this stage include limited availability of suitable varieties for processing, lack of appropriate processing technologies, inadequate commercialization of new technologies and lack of basic infrastructure, inadequate facilities and infrastructure, and insufficient promotion of processed …

What are the principles of post harvest?

The most important goals of post-harvest handling are keeping the product cool, to avoid moisture loss and slow down undesirable chemical changes, and avoiding physical damage such as bruising, to delay spoilage.

What is impact of post harvest losses?

Post harvest losses signify loss or non-conformance to quality and involve economic and environmental costs during the various stages of production. When food losses are incurred in the supply chain, nutritious, safe and affordable food commodities become scarce in the markets.

What is the scope of post harvest management?

Harvesting and handling of important fruits and vegetables, Harvesting tools and their design aspects; Field heat of fruits and vegetables and primary processing for sorting and grading at farm and cluster level; factors affecting post harvest losses; Standards and specifications for fresh fruits and vegetable.

Why harvest is important?

Why Is Proper Harvest Important? The goal of good harvesting is to maximize crop yield and minimize any crop losses and quality deterioration. Harvesting can be done manually, using hands or knifes and it can be done mechanically with the use of rippers, combine harvesters or other machines.

What is post harvest treatment?

Postharvest treatments are applied to citrus fruits before storage in order to delay senescence, minimize spoilage, and improve appearance and marketability. … Plant growth regulators are used to delay aging/senescence and various fungistats are used to control rots.

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What is the meaning of post-harvest losses?

Definition. The expression “post-harvest losses” means a measurable quantitative and qualitative loss in a given product. These losses can occur during any of the various phases of the post-harvest system. This definition must also take into account cases of product deterioration.

What are the different types of post-harvest activities?

Diagram 2. Stages of a whole post-harvest system

(01) HARVESTING handling
(06) PRIMARY PROCESSING cleaning, classification, dehulling, pounding, grinding, packaging, soaking, winnowing, drying, sieving, whitening, milling
(07) SECONDARY PROCESSING mixing, cooking, frying moulding, cutting, extrusion

What is the connection of post-harvest technology in agriculture?

Postharvest technologies aimed at extending the shelf life of fresh fruits and vegetables may support consumer-perceived freshness and influence the likelihood of their purchase and increase consumption opportunities.

What are four causes of harvest loss?

Main causes of postharvest loss include lack of temperature management, rough handling, poor packaging material, and lack of education about the need to maintain quality [7]. Postharvest management starts with pre-harvest managements.

What major factors affect maturity?

Fruit maturity is influenced by genetic make up of the individual cultivar, growing environment and geographical sites. Pre-harvest practices like canopy, floor, nutrient, water management along with plant growth regulators had their proven role in the crop phenology and fruit maturity.

What are the 4 causes of harvest loss?

Climate and weather conditions, harvesting and handling techniques, packaging, storage and transportation facility, market situation, dust from cement factory, disease and pest animals were recorded as major causes for post-harvest loss.

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