Post harvest technology is inter-disciplinary “Science and Technique” applied to agricultural produce after harvest for its protection, conservation, processing, packaging, distribution, marketing, and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of the people in relation to their needs.
What is the importance of post harvest technology?
Importance of Post-harvest technology lies in the fact that it has the capability to meet food requirement of growing population by eliminating losses making more nutritive food items from raw commodities by proper processing and fortification. Post-harvest technology has potential to create rural industries.
What are some post harvest techniques?
2. Some Postharvest Handling Practices for Tomatoes
- 2.1. Harvesting. The physiological maturity of any fruit at harvest has an important effect on postharvest quality of that fruit . …
- 2.2. Precooling after Harvest. …
- 2.3. Cleaning or Disinfecting. …
- 2.4. Sorting and Grading. …
- 2.5. Packaging. …
- 2.6. Storage. …
- 2.7. Transportation.
What is impact of post harvest losses?
Post harvest losses signify loss or non-conformance to quality and involve economic and environmental costs during the various stages of production. When food losses are incurred in the supply chain, nutritious, safe and affordable food commodities become scarce in the markets.
What is the meaning of post harvest losses?
Definition. The expression “post-harvest losses” means a measurable quantitative and qualitative loss in a given product. These losses can occur during any of the various phases of the post-harvest system. This definition must also take into account cases of product deterioration.
What are the factors of harvesting?
While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.
How do you prevent post harvest loss?
6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses
- Assess Maturity. …
- Check Your Water Quality. …
- Check Your Water Temperature. …
- Avoid Injury. …
- Keep Your Produce Cool. …
- Proper Storage.
What is harvest maturity?
It may be defined in terms of Physiological maturity and horticultural maturity, it is a stage, which will allow fruits / vegetables at its peak condition when it reaches to the consumers and develop acceptable flavour or appearance and having adequate shelf life.
What major factors affect maturity?
Fruit maturity is influenced by genetic make up of the individual cultivar, growing environment and geographical sites. Pre-harvest practices like canopy, floor, nutrient, water management along with plant growth regulators had their proven role in the crop phenology and fruit maturity.
What are the problems of agriculture sector?
In addition, irrigation of agricultural crops comprises 70% of global water use, and agriculture directly contributes to around 11% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (mostly through cattle). Expanding agricultural land can also lead to deforestation, additional GHG emissions, and a loss of biodiversity.
Why post-harvest process affects the economic value of a crop?
Postharvest management ensures quality management, increases market share and market value of commodities, ensures proper agricultural production and minimizes postharvest losses of fruits, vegetables, cereals, pulses, oilseeds and many other agricultural commodities.
What are the types of post harvest losses?
Postharvest loss includes the food loss across the food supply chain from harvesting of crop until its consumption . The losses can broadly be categorized as weight loss due to spoilage, quality loss, nutritional loss, seed viability loss, and commercial loss .
What are the different types of post harvest losses?
Post-harvest losses occur between harvest and the moment of human consumption. They include on-farm losses, such as when grain is threshed, winnowed, and dried. Other on-farm losses include inadequate harvesting time, climatic conditions, practices applied at harvest and handling, and challenges in marketing produce.
What is the main goal of harvest?
The goal of good harvesting is to maximize crop yield and minimize any crop losses and quality deterioration. Harvesting can be done manually, using hands or knifes and it can be done mechanically with the use of rippers, combine harvesters or other machines.