What are the water harvesting techniques?

What are the different techniques of water harvesting?

Various methods of rainwater harvesting are described in this section.

  • Surface runoff harvesting. In urban area rainwater flows away as surface runoff. …
  • Rooftop rainwater harvesting. …
  • Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting System. …
  • Catchments. …
  • Transportation. …
  • First Flush. …
  • Filter. …
  • Sand Gravel Filter.

What are short term water harvesting techniques?

Runoff harvesting for short and long term is done by constructing structures as given below. Contour Bunds: This method involves the construction of bunds on the contour of the catchment area (Fig. … These bunds hold the flowing surface runoff in the area located between two adjacent bunds.

How many methods of rainwater harvesting are there?

Explanation: There are two ways of harvesting rainwater, 1. Surface runoff harvesting: In urban area rainwater flows away as surface runoff, this runoff can be used for recharging aquifers. 2. Roof top rainwater harvesting: It is a system of catching rainwater where it falls.

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What are the methods of water harvesting in India?

Common Methods of Urban Rainwater Harvesting

  • Surface Runoff Harvesting. Surface runoff harvesting is the most suitable method in urban clusters. …
  • Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting. Rooftop rainwater harvesting is the most popular of all harvesting options in urban areas. …
  • Recharge Pits.


What are the 2 types of rainwater harvesting?

There are two ways of harvesting rainwater, namely; surface runoff harvesting and rooftop rainwater harvesting.

What are the advantages of water harvesting?

The following are 5 advantages of harvesting rainwater.

  • Reduces Flooding and Erosion. Harvesting rainwater can help the environment in a number of ways. …
  • Reduces Water Bills. …
  • Reduces Demand on Ground Water. …
  • Can Be Used for Non-drinking Purposes. …
  • Can Improve Plant Growth.


What are the modern methods of rainwater harvesting?


  • 1.1 Absorption pit method. …
  • 2 Absorption well method. …
  • 2.1 For Individual Houses. …
  • 2.2 Rainwater Harvesting in Group Houses. …
  • Groundwater Dams. …
  • 3.2 Sand storage dam. …
  • Ferrocement Technology.


What are the methods of water conservation and water harvesting?

One of the strategies in water conservation is rain water harvesting. Digging ponds, lakes, canals, expanding the water reservoir, and installing rain water catching ducts and filtration systems on homes are different methods of harvesting rain water.

What is the basic idea behind rainwater harvesting?

The basic idea behind rainwater harvesting is to catch water where it falls on the Earth”s surface.

What are the three methods of rainwater harvesting?

Three methods of rainwater harvesting followed in different regions of India for:

  • Bamboo dripping irrigation system in Meghalaya.
  • Storing rainwater in underground ‘tankas’ in Rajasthan.
  • Kuls or guls are the water diversion channels built mainly in the Himalayan region for agricultural purposes.
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Where is biggest rainwater harvesting system?

Among the three projects initiated by the council, ‘Rainwater harvesting in rural Karnataka’ funded by Rural Develop- ment and Panchayat Raj Department (RDPR), Government of Karnataka is probably the largest rainwater harvesting project in the world.

What is the best way to collect rainwater?

6 Ways to Collect Rainwater

  1. Barrel Systems / Cisterns. An average sized rain barrel holds 50 gallons. …
  2. DIY Rain Barrel. As long as it’s waterproof and can hold liquid, you can make a rain barrel out of anything. …
  3. Readymade Barrels. …
  4. Larger Catchment Systems. …
  5. Living or Green Roof.


What are the two methods of water storage?

There are several means to store harvested water: “Direct storage in the soil profile, which is usually associated with runoff farming. Water storage in tanks, cisterns, ponds, reservoirs or groundwater storage.

What are the four ways of water management?

Top 10 Water Management Techniques

  • Meter/Measure/Manage.
  • Optimize Cooling Towers.
  • Replace Restroom Fixtures.
  • Eliminate Single-Pass Cooling.
  • Use Water-Smart Landscaping and Irrigation.
  • Reduce Steam Sterilizer Tempering Water Use.
  • Reuse Laboratory Culture Water.
  • Control Reverse Osmosis System Operation.

What is harvesting system?

Rainwater harvesting system, also called rainwater collection system or rainwater catchment system, technology that collects and stores rainwater for human use. Rainwater harvesting systems range from simple rain barrels to more elaborate structures with pumps, tanks, and purification systems.

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