Quick Answer: How do square balers work?

The hay enters the baler through the pickup, and the teeth gently rake the hay from the ground to prevent the loss of leaves and ingestion of rocks or debris into the baler. … The plunger also cuts the ends of the hay to make the bale an uniform size.

How does a square baler knotter work?

As the bale is formed, the twine is pulled from the twine box around the bale. … The gear teeth on the intermittent knotter gear then operates the disk driving pinion and turns the disk sufficiently to permit the twine holder to secure both strands of twine in the disk. At this stage, the bill hook starts its revolution.

How do hay balers work?

Grass is rolled up inside the baler using rubberized belts, fixed rollers, or a combination of the two. When the bale reaches a predetermined size, either netting or twine is wrapped around it to hold its shape. The back of the baler swings open, and the bale is discharged.

How are square bales made?

They were shaped in a way that they could be stacked in a hayloft or barn until they were needed. Farmers cut hay in the field and let it dry for several days in the sun. Then they raked the dried hay into rows and ran baling equipment over the rows. This produced the bales.

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How much horsepower does it take to run a small square baler?

A small square baler NH 271 or older, or JD T14 or T24 take about 15 hp to keep running. Also takes about 10 hp to pull it. Also takes about 5 hp to pull a hay rack.

Is a New Holland 310 a good baler?

Overall functional performance of the New Holland 310 baler was very good. Average feedrates varied from 2 to 8 t/h (2.2 to 8.8 ton/h). … The New Holland 310 was capable of producing firm, well formed bales. Length of the 356 x 457 mm (14 x 18 in) bales could be adjusted from 305 to 1320 mm (12 to 52 in).

Why are hay bales left in fields?

Often, it’s just farmers being lazy, after harvesting a field, they like to take some rest and finish off in a few days. Because of the good keeping quality, farmers tend to leave them where the baler spat them out. It is also cost-effective to leave bales in the field to avoid handling and storage costs.

How do you bail hay by hand?

How To Bale Hay Using Hand Hay Baler Tutorial:

  1. Step 1: Build Your Baler. | …
  2. Step 2: Stand Baler Firmly On A Level Ground. | …
  3. Step 4: Attach Twine In The Baler. | …
  4. Step 5: Close Baler’s Door. | …
  5. Step 6: Put Hay Into the Baler Box. | …
  6. Step 7: Depress The Baler’s Plunger. …
  7. Step 8: Tie Off Loops. …
  8. Step 9: Depress The Plunger And Tie Off.


What is the machine that cuts hay called?

A tedder (also called hay tedder) is a machine used in haymaking. It is used after cutting and before windrowing, and uses moving forks to aerate or “wuffle” the hay and thus speed up the process of hay-making.

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How much hay is in a square bale?

A standard two-string square hay bale weighs between 40 and 75 pounds; a three-string square bale weighs over 100 pounds, and some as much as 140 pounds; the average round hay bale weighs about 1,250 pounds, but their weight varies greatly from 563 to 1,584 pounds.

What are hay bales good for?

Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for large grazing animals raised as livestock, such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep. However, it is also fed to smaller domesticated animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs.

Are balers dangerous?


It is not always enough to blanket a baler with safety procedures and devices. Bales produced by the baler also are dangerous. … Falling paper bales caused 11 of the 14 deaths.

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