Forklifts are relatively stable pieces of equipment when the center of gravity is directly above the vehicle’s wheelbase. … Lateral, or sideways tip overs occur when the center of gravity shifts too far to the left or right of the wheelbase, which can happen during sharp or sudden turns.
What should you do if the forklift is tipping over?
In a forklift tip over, you should:
- remain seated and don’t lean out of the forklift.
- brace your feet, hold tight and lean away from the point of impact.
Do forklifts only tip over when overloaded?
When used according to the proper guidelines, the forklift should never tip over. The following are some of the most common things that can lead to a tip: Overloading the Forklift – Each forklift is rated for a specific amount of weight. … When a forklift is loaded it is important to increase speed slowly.
Should the forklift begin to roll over always?
In every type of forklift, the rule is similar and simple – the equipment’s center of gravity should be inside the wheelbase. The center of gravity should stay in that position, it should not move forward or too far to any direction, otherwise, risk of tip over can happen.
What can you do to help prevent a forward or sideways tip over?
Keep the center of gravity low and avoid off-center loading. Off-center loads could cause tip-over or falling loads. Slowly operate the lift truck when picking up or placing a long or wide load, or when turning with such a load.
Where can I not park a forklift?
Do not park an industrial lift truck near doorways, switches and electricity boards, fire fighting equipment, blind corners, on inclines, on soft ground, middle of an aisle, fire exits or pedestrian walk ways.
Can you tip a forklift?
A forklift moving forward with a capacity load could tip forward if forced to stop abruptly; or. A forklift turning a corner with an unbalanced load could tip over if it drove into a pothole.
What are the dangers of overloading a forklift?
The main risk of overloading forklifts is the injury or death to your operators and staff in the vicinity of the vehicle.
What’s the damage?
- Risk of injury or fatality.
- Risk of overturned, damaged stock.
- Risk of damaged or overstrained vehicles.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
Parking Safety Rules
- Always try to find a level surface to park on. …
- Lower forks, or the forklift attachment, all the way to the ground. …
- Put the gear into neutral.
- Make sure the wheels are straight. …
- Set the parking brake every time you park the forklift. …
- Turn off the engine before dismounting the forklift.
When traveling with a load the load should be lifted 5 inches?
On a flat floor, lower them until they are 2 to 5 inches above the floor. On rough terrain, lift the forks higher to accommodate uneven ground.
What formula determines the load’s moment?
A load moment is when a load center’s distance from a fulcrum increase. This determines how much overturning force is being applied to the forklift, and is a product of load weight times distance from the fulcrum (i.e., load moment = weight x distance).
When setting a load What should you do first?
How should you raise the load?
- Check that the overhead clearance is adequate before raising loads.
- Do not raise or lower the fork unless the lift truck is stopped and braked.
- Lift loads straight up or tilt back slightly.
How should you travel up a slope with an unloaded forklift?
When traveling on a ramp with an unloaded forklift, always travel with the forks pointed downgrade, regardless of whether you are ascending or descending the ramp.
Which truck will resist tipping over sideways?
Forklifts have a “stability triangle”. A vertical line extending from the center of gravity of the vehicle and load combination must be inside of the stability triangle to prevent the forklift from tipping forward, falling sideways or dropping its load, as shown in the diagram below.
What actions could cause a forklift to tip over forward?
FOUR CAUSES OF FORWARD FORKLIFT TIP OVERS
- Carrying Loads Heavier Than Recommended Load Ratings. …
- Carrying a load with the mast tilting forward. …
- Accelerating or braking too quickly. …
- Lifting or lowering a load on a slope. …
- Turning too abruptly. …
- Turning with a load that’s been raised too high.
When may you lean out of the forklift?
Operators should never lean or reach outside of the cab, as this puts them at risk of contact with passing obstructions/vehicles. Rather than reach out to access something, they should stop their truck in a suitable place, make it safe, dismount and then access it on foot.