Before raising a load, check for enough overhead clearance, and if outdoors, always maintain a safe distance from power lines. Once a load is lifted, the operator must remain on the truck. Additionally—whether or not a lift is loaded—never let anyone walk or stand under an elevated fork.
What should the operator do before reversing a forklift?
When reversing the forklift, always do so slowly. It’s easy to lose control at speed, especially if the load you’re carrying is very heavy or bulky. Be sure to sound your horn before you reverse to alert pedestrians and other vehicular traffic of your presence.
Which steps must be done daily before using a forklift?
What should an operator inspect during the visual pre-use check?
- General condition and cleanliness.
- Floor – clear of objects that could cause an incident.
- Overhead – no obstructions.
- Nearby objects to avoid as you drive away.
- Fire extinguisher – present and charged.
Which steps should you follow to safely lift an object with the forks on a forklift truck?
Do not raise or lower the fork unless the lift truck is stopped and braked. Lift loads straight up or tilt back slightly. Do not lift a load that extends above the load backrest unless no part of the load can possibly slide back toward the operator. Attend the controls of the forklift truck when a load is elevated.
What safety steps should you take before transporting a load?
Examine Your Equipment Before Use
Do a proper routine check of the cargo you’re transporting as well as the equipment you are using to do so. Your routine check should include checking the brakes, steering, controls, warning devices, mast and tires.
What steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
Lower the forks to the floor when parking the forklift. Make sure that the forks touch the ground when you are leaving. Apply the parking brake when it is the idle position. All operational controls of the truck must be in the neutral position before the driver alight the forklift compartment.
What are 3 fluid levels that need to be checked before using the forklift?
Check of liquid Levels:
- Hydraulic fluid.
- Brake fluid.
- Engine oil coolant.
How high should forks be when driving forklift?
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back.
Who has the right of way in warehouses?
OSHA states the pedestrian has the right of way; therefore, operators must be on constant alert. The forklift operator is required to slow down and sound their horn at doorways, intersections, blind spots and when entering or exiting a building.
At what speed should a forklift be operated?
What OSHA says: Where appropriate to the worksite, equip trucks with … visual devices (such as lights or blinkers) ANSI/ITSDF B56. 1-2011. The Material Handling Equipment Distributors Association (MHEDA) recommends a max speed of 8 mph in general and a 3 mph max speed in areas where pedestrians are present.
Where can I not park a forklift?
Do not park an industrial lift truck near doorways, switches and electricity boards, fire fighting equipment, blind corners, on inclines, on soft ground, middle of an aisle, fire exits or pedestrian walk ways.
How far should you stand from a forklift?
The safe traveling distance between forklifts is approximately three truck lengths, or about a time-lapse of three seconds when passing the same point. More specifically, it’s about 20 feet between forklifts. The three-second rule is the same for automobiles on the road and is just as important for forklifts.
What can you not do with a forklift?
Forklift operators should never:
- Raise or lower loads while the forklift is moving and especially not while turning because it makes the forklift very unstable. …
- Allow anyone to stand underneath or right next to raised forks. …
- Carry a load with only one fork as it stresses the carriage.
What are the 7 classes of forklifts?
The 7 Classes of Forklift Trucks
- Class 1: Electric Motor Rider Trucks.
- Class 2: Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks.
- Class 3: Electric Motor Hand or Hand-Rider Trucks.
- Class 4: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Cushion Tires.
- Class 5: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Pneumatic Tires.
What is the first thing to do before driving into a trailer?
The first thing you should do each time is walk into the trailer to make sure it’s safe: Make sure the trailer is well lit inside. Check that your lift mast will clear the ceiling. Check the floor for obstructions or loose objects, and look for holes or weak points.
Where should the heaviest part of the load be?
Keep the load close to the waist
Keep the heaviest side of the load next to the body. If closely approaching the load is not possible, try to slide it towards the body before trying to lift it.