Specific precautions are required when driving forklifts on ramps with grades over 10%. Loaded forklifts must be driven with the load pointed up the ramp (good standard practice is to ALWAYS drive with the load pointed up the ramp or slope).
Why is it dangerous to turn a forklift on a ramp or slope?
Not only can operators be at risk when travelling recklessly on slopes but the safety of pedestrians is also compromised. The load in which the forklift operator may be transporting can also be significantly damaged or even destroyed if safety precautions are not followed within this situation.
When driving a forklift up a ramp without a load your forks should be pointing down the ramp?
When carrying a heavy load on grade, the forklift must be able to safely stop. When your operators are traveling without a load, the forks should be pointed down the incline. This would include going up or down the ramp. The forks should be raised enough to safely clear the grade.
When traveling up or down slopes How should the forklift forks be pointed?
How do you maintain control when traveling up or downhill?
- Loaded trucks, when travelling up and down hill that is greater than a 5% grade, should travel with the load pointed uphill.
- Unloaded truck should travel with the forks (load-engaging means) pointed down hill regardless of the grade.
When operating a lift truck on a ramp The operator must?
When driving a forklift on a ramp, OSHA CFR 1910.178 sets these standards: Grades shall be ascended or descended slowly. When driving on a grade that exceeds 10%, loaded trucks must drive with the load facing upward, regardless of whether a truck is traveling up or down a ramp.
What class of forklift should not turn on an incline?
PEDESTRIANS AND FORKLIFTS SHOULD NEVER OCCUPY A RAMP OR INCLINE AT THE SAME TIME, IF THE OPERATOR OF A CLASS 1, 4, & 5 IS CARRYING A LOAD THAT BLOCKS THEIR FORWARD VISION ON LEVEL SURFACES, THEY ARE TAUGHT TO DRIVE IN REVERSE. BUT WHEN APPROACHING A RAMP OR INCLINE, THAT LOAD MUST FACE UPHILL.
When operating a loaded forklift going up a ramp you must?
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
- When traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of direction of travel.
- Going up the incline: Drive forward. Forks pointed upgrade. Use a spotter if load blocks the driver’s view.
- Going down the incline: Drive in reverse. Turn head and face downgrade.
Can a forklift go up a ramp?
A ramp, slope, or incline is defined as an angle that exceeds 10 percent. … Loaded forklifts must be driven with the load pointed up the ramp (good standard practice is to ALWAYS drive with the load pointed up the ramp or slope). Raise levels should be limited to the minimum height necessary for ground clearance.
Can a pallet jack go up a ramp?
It should go without saying, but using a pallet jack on an incline is not usually advisable, according to the National Ag Safety Database. … If you do have to go up an incline, always make sure you’re pulling the jack. When going down a ramp, pushing is the only reasonable option.
What is the correct behavior when driving a loaded forklift up an incline?
If you drive a forklift on an incline, you must keep the load on the uphill side. Otherwise, you may have no weight on the wheels that steer and can lose control! The load could also fall off or cause the forklift to tip.
Which side of the forklift is supporting more weight?
Weight distribution refers not only to the weight of the load, but also the weight of the forklift itself. An empty forklift has most of its weight in the rear, but when a load is placed on the lift, the weight distribution moves forward.
When should you drive backwards on a forklift?
There are situations when forklifts should be driven in reverse, including when the load is so bulky that it obstructs your vision and when driving down a ramp. Extra care must be taken when driving in reverse, because the operator doesn’t have a constant view of the load.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
How should you drive an unloaded lift truck on ramp?
What should you do to load (unload) vehicles using a forklift truck?
- Keep forks pointed downhill when traveling without a load on a ramp.
- Keep forks pointed uphill when traveling with a load on a ramp.
Should you jump off during a tipover?
Never jump off of a forklift. If the forklift is tipping over, do not attempt to jump off, because you could be pinned under the lift. If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off.
What type of forklift is best for indoor use?
Electric forklifts are quiet as well, making them ideal for warehouse and other indoor use. However, time needs to be allowed for battery recharging. Internal combustion (IC) engines run on a variety of fuels including gasoline, diesel fuel, liquid propane gas (LPG) or compressed natural gas (CNG).