In a car or truck, the front wheels steer the vehicle. However, a forklift has the steering wheels in the rear end of the forklift so it can swing in a circle around the front wheels that support most of the load. This allows the forklift to rotate the load into the correct position.
How does a forklift steer?
Forklift trucks steer from the rear axle and pivot on the front wheels, the rear end (counterweight) swinging wide when turning. … A forklifts rear steering wheels will turn at almost 90 degrees. This will increase tail swing, however it also means that the front wheels will pivot as you approach your load.
What happens when you steer the forklift?
Most forklifts have rear-wheel steering. Now, if you turn the steering wheel left, your back tires pivot around the front tires, giving you a much tighter turn. However, pivoting means the back tires move much quicker than the front tires.
When turning the steering wheel How do you turn a forklift?
The one thing that you have to remember when driving a forklift when comparing it to a car, is that when you steer a forklift, it swings out from the back. This allows the forklift to pivot on its inside load wheel but when turning you have to make sure you have enough room for your back end to turn though.
Why do forklifts steer from the rear?
Rear wheel steering allows very sharp turns and high precision maneuvering in the tight spaces where fork lifts are often used. This is the primary reason. … The other reason is that the front wheels carry the heaviest load, and provide the traction that allows the forklift to be driven.
Does a forklift steer like a car?
Don’t expect a forklift to handle like a car or truck. Because of the counterweight over its rear wheels, a forklift is much heavier than a car. As a result, it can’t stop or turn quickly. Forklift steering is also different from automobile steering.
When moving the forklift in reverse you must?
When should you drive a forklift in reverse?
- Always. Travel slowly when moving down slopes.
- Speed. Ensure the forks face uphill when traveling up or down slopes with a load because this ensures stability and prevents the load from falling off the fork arms. …
- Load. …
- No Load. …
How much does an average forklift weigh?
The average automobile weighs approximately 3,000 lbs and the average forklift weighs close to 9,000 lbs.
What axle does the forklift balance on?
The Forklift Fulcrum
The front axle is the fulcrum of the forklift where the counterweight and the load find balance. The only major difference between a forklift and a seesaw, is that the forklift counterweight should always provide more force than the load so the forklift does not tip forward.
What information is on a forklift data plate?
Sometimes referred to as a capacity plate or a forklift nameplate, the forklift data plate includes important information such as weight, fuel type, and forklift load capacity. Associates need to read the data plate during training and before use to help build the culture of safety in your facility.
What is a forklift hazard?
Forklift hazards often occur when there is a change of balance for the vehicle. Lifting materials up high can cause the machine to overturn or for its load to fall. … If your warehouse forklift has to lift workers at any time, ensure that the correct attachments are used to reduce the risk of a fall or other injuries.
Is forklift steering inverted?
Forklifts use rear-wheel steering because the front wheels bear the load of whatever is being carried. Due to this feature, forklifts behave differently than modern sedans when it comes to turning or steering. You cannot take turns too quickly, as this action can put the forklift at risk of a tipover or spilled load.
What will make the load more stable during travel?
When traveling with a load, always make sure to tilt the mast of the forklift backward so that the load will firmly place against the backrest to make it more secure during transport. By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
What are some basic controls you will find on every forklift?
What Are Directional Controls? A forklift’s directional controls help move the lift forward and backward. There are three forklift directional controls: park, drive, and reverse. Directional controls can be mounted to a lift’s steering column.
What should you do when a forklift begins to turnover?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put:
- Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off.
- Lean away from the falling direction of the lift.
- Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.