Forklifts aren’t cars, and they don’t drive like them. … Unlike autos, they steer from the read axle while their front wheels pivot. The massive counterweight at the rear of the lift truck swings wide when the vehicle turns.
When you turn the rear of your forklift swings wide?
One of the most important aspects of safe forklift driving practice is the knowledge that when turning, the rear of the lift truck swings in the opposite direction from the rotation. As a result, operators must make sure that there are no pedestrians located on the opposite side of the lift truck.
What is Forklift tail swing?
A forklift counterweight can show the failure in design and layout of a facility. Unlike automobiles, forklifts steer from the rear. This design creates a forklift tail swing during turns, moving the rear of the forklift to the opposite side of the turn.
When a forklift turns right the rear of the forklift swings to?
The rear end of the forklift swings in a circle around the front wheels. Make sure there’s room for the rear end to swing out when making turns. And if you’re moving a load in reverse, don’t forget to allow room for the load to swing too. Most forklifts have a three-point suspension system.
What does rear end swing mean?
Definitions: Rear-End Swing: Rear-end swing is the rapid sideways movement of the rear end of the forklift when turning the machine. The rear of the machine will swing out to the opposite side to which you are turning.
Why is rear end swing dangerous on a forklift?
Drive slowly when turning and always be conscious of rear-end swing. Rear end swing is dangerous to pedestrians as the tail of the forklift can swing very rapidly creating the potential to crush pedestrians.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
Parking Safety Rules
- Always try to find a level surface to park on. …
- Lower forks, or the forklift attachment, all the way to the ground. …
- Put the gear into neutral.
- Make sure the wheels are straight. …
- Set the parking brake every time you park the forklift. …
- Turn off the engine before dismounting the forklift.
What is the turning radius of a forklift?
ADVANTAGES: -Smaller turning circles: Can work in aisle widths between 3m and 3.4m, with a turning radius of 1.4m to 1.8m, allowing it to work in tight spaces.
What axle does the forklift balance on?
The Forklift Fulcrum
The front axle is the fulcrum of the forklift where the counterweight and the load find balance. The only major difference between a forklift and a seesaw, is that the forklift counterweight should always provide more force than the load so the forklift does not tip forward.
Where is the fulcrum of a forklift?
The Forklift Fulcrum
The fulcrum is the central pivot point of a seesaw. The front axle is the fulcrum of the forklift where the counterweight and the load find balance.
Why do forklifts back wheels turn?
Rear wheel steering allows very sharp turns and high precision maneuvering in the tight spaces where fork lifts are often used. This is the primary reason. … The other reason is that the front wheels carry the heaviest load, and provide the traction that allows the forklift to be driven.
Which side of the forklift is supporting more weight?
Weight distribution refers not only to the weight of the load, but also the weight of the forklift itself. An empty forklift has most of its weight in the rear, but when a load is placed on the lift, the weight distribution moves forward.
How soon should repairs be made to a forklift?
The more you use your forklift, the more often you should have it serviced by a factory trained technician. A forklift that gets heavy use might require a forklift maintenance visit every 90 days. Be sure to keep a copy of the items inspected on file in case OSHA requests that information.
When picking up a load the forks should be?
Carrying the load
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back. Use caution when carrying a load on an uneven surface; it creates a tip-over hazard.
What is the safest position for your forklift when you are carrying a load up a ramp onto a trailer?
When going up a ramp, drive forward with the forks pointed upward. If a load is blocking a forklift driver’s view, use a spotter to guide the truck. When going down a ramp, drive in reverse with the load and keep the forks pointed up the slope.
What is a forklift hazard?
Forklift hazards often occur when there is a change of balance for the vehicle. Lifting materials up high can cause the machine to overturn or for its load to fall. … If your warehouse forklift has to lift workers at any time, ensure that the correct attachments are used to reduce the risk of a fall or other injuries.