The front axle is the fulcrum of the forklift where the counterweight and the load find balance. The only major difference between a forklift and a seesaw, is that the forklift counterweight should always provide more force than the load so the forklift does not tip forward.
Where is the center of gravity on a forklift?
The truck’s steer axle is attached to the truck by a pivot pin at the axle’s center. When the points are connected with imaginary lines, this three-point support forms a triangle called the stability triangle. When at rest, on level ground, the forklift’s center of gravity is within the stability triangle.
Where is the load center on a forklift?
A load center is the horizontal distance from the vertical face of the forks to the center of gravity of the load. As a general rule, load center is 24″ from the face of the forks (the center point of standard 48” x 48” pallet). Forklift capacities range from about 3,000 lbs up to more than 70,000+ lbs.
Where is the fulcrum or forward point of balance of a forklift?
On a sit-down counterbalanced forklift, the fulcrum or pivot point is the axle of the front wheels.
What is the fulcrum of a lift truck?
The lift truck is based on the principle of two weights balanced on opposite sides of a pivot (fulcrum point). The forward wheels are the fulcrum. This is the same principle used for a teeter-totter.
What is the combined center of gravity on a forklift?
Center of gravity is the point at which an object’s weight is evenly distributed and the object is balanced. The stability triangle is the area between the two front wheels and the middle of the rear axle. To stay upright, the forklift’s combined center of gravity must stay within the stability triangle.
When should you drive a forklift backwards?
If a load on the forks blocks your view of the intended path of travel, travel in reverse. Always maintain a safe distance from the forklift ahead of you (about three truck lengths)
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
What will make the load more stable during travel?
When traveling with a load, always make sure to tilt the mast of the forklift backward so that the load will firmly place against the backrest to make it more secure during transport. By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
Parking Safety Rules
- Always try to find a level surface to park on. …
- Lower forks, or the forklift attachment, all the way to the ground. …
- Put the gear into neutral.
- Make sure the wheels are straight. …
- Set the parking brake every time you park the forklift. …
- Turn off the engine before dismounting the forklift.
Where can I not park a forklift?
Do not park an industrial lift truck near doorways, switches and electricity boards, fire fighting equipment, blind corners, on inclines, on soft ground, middle of an aisle, fire exits or pedestrian walk ways.
What is inching on a forklift?
The purpose of the inching pedal is to disengage the transmission without having to shift the gear lever into neutral every time a lift is performed. This pedal allows you to bring the forklift to a stop or to slow it down. … This pedal allows you to adjust the rotational speed of the engine.
Why is rear end swing dangerous?
Drive slowly when turning and always be conscious of rear-end swing. Rear end swing is dangerous to pedestrians as the tail of the forklift can swing very rapidly creating the potential to crush pedestrians.
When a lift truck is turning Is it more stable loaded or unloaded?
How should you raise the load? When a load is raised, the lift truck is less stable. … Attend the controls of the forklift truck when a load is elevated. In other words, the operator must stay on the forklift when the load is in a raised position.
Which truck will resist tipping over sideways?
Forklifts have a “stability triangle”. A vertical line extending from the center of gravity of the vehicle and load combination must be inside of the stability triangle to prevent the forklift from tipping forward, falling sideways or dropping its load, as shown in the diagram below.
What class lift trucks should not turn on an incline?
PEDESTRIANS AND FORKLIFTS SHOULD NEVER OCCUPY A RAMP OR INCLINE AT THE SAME TIME, IF THE OPERATOR OF A CLASS 1, 4, & 5 IS CARRYING A LOAD THAT BLOCKS THEIR FORWARD VISION ON LEVEL SURFACES, THEY ARE TAUGHT TO DRIVE IN REVERSE. BUT WHEN APPROACHING A RAMP OR INCLINE, THAT LOAD MUST FACE UPHILL.