The rear end of the forklift swings in a circle around the front wheels. Make sure there’s room for the rear end to swing out when making turns. And if you’re moving a load in reverse, don’t forget to allow room for the load to swing too. Most forklifts have a three-point suspension system.
When you turn the rear of your forklift swings wide?
One of the most important aspects of safe forklift driving practice is the knowledge that when turning, the rear of the lift truck swings in the opposite direction from the rotation. As a result, operators must make sure that there are no pedestrians located on the opposite side of the lift truck.
What is rear end swing forklift?
Forklift trucks steer from the rear axle and pivot on the front wheels, the rear end (counterweight) swinging wide when turning. Ensure that the rear end swings clear of materials, racks equipment and pedestrians when rounding corners or manoeuvring in aisle and tight places.
What does rear end swing mean?
Definitions: Rear-End Swing: Rear-end swing is the rapid sideways movement of the rear end of the forklift when turning the machine. The rear of the machine will swing out to the opposite side to which you are turning.
Why do forklifts steer from the rear?
Rear wheel steering allows very sharp turns and high precision maneuvering in the tight spaces where fork lifts are often used. This is the primary reason. … The other reason is that the front wheels carry the heaviest load, and provide the traction that allows the forklift to be driven.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
Parking Safety Rules
- Always try to find a level surface to park on. …
- Lower forks, or the forklift attachment, all the way to the ground. …
- Put the gear into neutral.
- Make sure the wheels are straight. …
- Set the parking brake every time you park the forklift. …
- Turn off the engine before dismounting the forklift.
Why is the rear of a forklift dangerous?
Drive slowly when turning and always be conscious of rear-end swing. Rear end swing is dangerous to pedestrians as the tail of the forklift can swing very rapidly creating the potential to crush pedestrians.
What axle does the forklift balance on?
The Forklift Fulcrum
The front axle is the fulcrum of the forklift where the counterweight and the load find balance. The only major difference between a forklift and a seesaw, is that the forklift counterweight should always provide more force than the load so the forklift does not tip forward.
Where is the center of gravity on a forklift?
The truck’s steer axle is attached to the truck by a pivot pin at the axle’s center. When the points are connected with imaginary lines, this three-point support forms a triangle called the stability triangle. When at rest, on level ground, the forklift’s center of gravity is within the stability triangle.
When picking up a load the forks should be?
Carrying the load
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back. Use caution when carrying a load on an uneven surface; it creates a tip-over hazard.
What information is on a forklift data plate?
Sometimes referred to as a capacity plate or a forklift nameplate, the forklift data plate includes important information such as weight, fuel type, and forklift load capacity. Associates need to read the data plate during training and before use to help build the culture of safety in your facility.
What is a forklift hazard?
Forklift hazards often occur when there is a change of balance for the vehicle. Lifting materials up high can cause the machine to overturn or for its load to fall. … If your warehouse forklift has to lift workers at any time, ensure that the correct attachments are used to reduce the risk of a fall or other injuries.
In what situation are you most likely to need to drive a forklift in reverse?
If the load is too large to see clearly over the top of the load, move the load by driving backwards. Forklift drivers must also drive backwards when going down or up an incline.
Do forklifts steer from the back?
Most forklifts have rear-wheel steering. Now, if you turn the steering wheel left, your back tires pivot around the front tires, giving you a much tighter turn. However, pivoting means the back tires move much quicker than the front tires.
What will make the load more stable during travel?
When traveling with a load, always make sure to tilt the mast of the forklift backward so that the load will firmly place against the backrest to make it more secure during transport. By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
What should you do when a forklift begins to turnover?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put:
- Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off.
- Lean away from the falling direction of the lift.
- Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.