Generally, a forklift can safely travel on a ramp with a gradient between 5% and 12.5%. But, it is always best to err on the side of caution. If a ramp looks too steep, forklift operators should avoid it.
Can a forklift go up a ramp?
A ramp, slope, or incline is defined as an angle that exceeds 10 percent. … Loaded forklifts must be driven with the load pointed up the ramp (good standard practice is to ALWAYS drive with the load pointed up the ramp or slope). Raise levels should be limited to the minimum height necessary for ground clearance.
Can a forklift be driven across a slope?
Slopes can make a forklift’s load to slide off, which can cause the lift to run the fallen load over. Plus, slopes can make a lift tip over forward, so the back wheels lift up. Other hazards include locked front wheels and spinning wheels, as both of these can cause a forklift spinning out of control.
Can you park a forklift on an incline?
A forklift should never be parked on an incline. If the forklift becomes disabled on an incline the wheels should be chocked to prevent any accidental rolling until repairs can be completed. Lower any load to the ground when parking the forklift.
Why is it dangerous to turn a forklift on a ramp or slope?
Not only can operators be at risk when travelling recklessly on slopes but the safety of pedestrians is also compromised. The load in which the forklift operator may be transporting can also be significantly damaged or even destroyed if safety precautions are not followed within this situation.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
What class of forklift should not turn on an incline?
PEDESTRIANS AND FORKLIFTS SHOULD NEVER OCCUPY A RAMP OR INCLINE AT THE SAME TIME, IF THE OPERATOR OF A CLASS 1, 4, & 5 IS CARRYING A LOAD THAT BLOCKS THEIR FORWARD VISION ON LEVEL SURFACES, THEY ARE TAUGHT TO DRIVE IN REVERSE. BUT WHEN APPROACHING A RAMP OR INCLINE, THAT LOAD MUST FACE UPHILL.
When driving on a slope you should keep the back of a loaded forklift pointed uphill?
Stay at least three vehicle lengths behind the vehicle ahead of you. When driving on an incline with a load, always travel with the load pointing uphill. When driving on an incline with no load, always travel with the forks pointing downhill.
What happens to the center of gravity when you lift a heavy load above the forklift?
Heavier loads shift the center of gravity forward even further. Raising the load also shifts the center of gravity forward. In order to prevent the lift from tipping, the combined center of gravity of the load and the lift must stay inside the stability triangle (at ground level) at all times.
When going down ramps with a 10 percent grade on higher loads of a forklift should be?
When driving on ramps with a grade of 10 percent or more with a loaded forklift, you must always keep the load uphill, even if it means driving in reverse down the ramp.
Where can I not park a forklift?
Do not park an industrial lift truck near doorways, switches and electricity boards, fire fighting equipment, blind corners, on inclines, on soft ground, middle of an aisle, fire exits or pedestrian walk ways.
What should you do every time you park a forklift?
Lower the forks to the floor when parking the forklift. Make sure that the forks touch the ground when you are leaving. Apply the parking brake when it is the idle position. All operational controls of the truck must be in the neutral position before the driver alight the forklift compartment.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
Parking Safety Rules
- Always try to find a level surface to park on. …
- Lower forks, or the forklift attachment, all the way to the ground. …
- Put the gear into neutral.
- Make sure the wheels are straight. …
- Set the parking brake every time you park the forklift. …
- Turn off the engine before dismounting the forklift.
When operating a loaded forklift going up a ramp you must?
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
- When traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of direction of travel.
- Going up the incline: Drive forward. Forks pointed upgrade. Use a spotter if load blocks the driver’s view.
- Going down the incline: Drive in reverse. Turn head and face downgrade.
When traveling with empty forklift the forks should be in what position?
When travelling in an empty forklift, the forks of the lift should be in the position of waist high.
What direction must the load be in when going uphill?
Always drive straight forward when going uphill. So never drive uphill diagonally and never start turning on a slope. When loaded, the load must be in the highest position in relation to the slope (forwards uphill and backwards downhill).