A longitudinal, or forward forklift tip over occurs when the center of gravity moves too far forward, which can happen when a lift is driven down a slope or ramp.
What should you do if your forklift starts to tip over?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put:
- Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off.
- Lean away from the falling direction of the lift.
- Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.
What affects forklift stability?
The weight of the load on the forks. Positioning of the load. The weight of ballast (“counterbalance”) at the rear of the forklift. The surface of the floor (most forklifts are designed for level surfaces only)
What can you do to help prevent a forward or sideways tip over?
Keep the center of gravity low and avoid off-center loading. Off-center loads could cause tip-over or falling loads. Slowly operate the lift truck when picking up or placing a long or wide load, or when turning with such a load.
Do forklifts only tip over when overloaded?
When used according to the proper guidelines, the forklift should never tip over. The following are some of the most common things that can lead to a tip: Overloading the Forklift – Each forklift is rated for a specific amount of weight. … When a forklift is loaded it is important to increase speed slowly.
Is it difficult to tip over a forklift?
In every type of forklift, the rule is similar and simple – the equipment’s center of gravity should be inside the wheelbase. The center of gravity should stay in that position, it should not move forward or too far to any direction, otherwise, risk of tip over can happen.
Why do forklifts not tip over?
At the back of every forklift is a counterweight. The size of this counterweight will depend on the capacity of the forklift. … The counterweight acts as a balance for the weight being lifted by the truck’s forks. As long as the center of gravity is inside the wheelbase for the vehicle, the forklift won’t tip over.
When moving the forklift in reverse you must?
When should you drive a forklift in reverse?
- Always. Travel slowly when moving down slopes.
- Speed. Ensure the forks face uphill when traveling up or down slopes with a load because this ensures stability and prevents the load from falling off the fork arms. …
- Load. …
- No Load. …
What is the stability triangle of a forklift?
Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. This stability triangle is made by connecting the two front wheels and the pivot point of the rear axle. The other concept to understand is the forklift’s center of gravity.
What is a forklift hazard?
Forklift hazards often occur when there is a change of balance for the vehicle. Lifting materials up high can cause the machine to overturn or for its load to fall. … If your warehouse forklift has to lift workers at any time, ensure that the correct attachments are used to reduce the risk of a fall or other injuries.
Where can I not park a forklift?
Do not park an industrial lift truck near doorways, switches and electricity boards, fire fighting equipment, blind corners, on inclines, on soft ground, middle of an aisle, fire exits or pedestrian walk ways.
Which lift truck will resist tipping over sideways?
Lateral Stability: The ability of a forklift to remain upright and not tip over sideways. A load that is out of balance or on an uneven travelling surface can affect lateral stability. Longitudinal Stability: A forklift’s ability to resist tipping forward.
What formula determines the load’s moment?
A load moment is when a load center’s distance from a fulcrum increase. This determines how much overturning force is being applied to the forklift, and is a product of load weight times distance from the fulcrum (i.e., load moment = weight x distance).
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
Parking Safety Rules
- Always try to find a level surface to park on. …
- Lower forks, or the forklift attachment, all the way to the ground. …
- Put the gear into neutral.
- Make sure the wheels are straight. …
- Set the parking brake every time you park the forklift. …
- Turn off the engine before dismounting the forklift.
What are the dangers of overloading a forklift?
The main risk of overloading forklifts is the injury or death to your operators and staff in the vicinity of the vehicle.
What’s the damage?
- Risk of injury or fatality.
- Risk of overturned, damaged stock.
- Risk of damaged or overstrained vehicles.
When traveling with a load the mast should be tilted back?
Tilt the mast back carefully to stabilize a load. Slowly move the forklift away from the stack. Stop the truck and return the mast to the vertical position before lowering a load. Lower a load so that the lowest point is 15 to 20 cm from the floor.