The truck’s steer axle is attached to the truck by a pivot pin at the axle’s center. When the points are connected with imaginary lines, this three-point support forms a triangle called the stability triangle. When at rest, on level ground, the forklift’s center of gravity is within the stability triangle.
Where must a forklift center of gravity remain in order for the forklift to stay upright?
When imaginary lines are drawn to connect them, what’s known as the stability triangle is formed. The operator must ensure that the center of gravity of the combined forklift and load remains within the stability triangle to guard against tipping over.
What is the ideal location of the loads center of gravity when it is on the forks?
You should never turn the truck with the load raised. Keeping the center of gravity low, approximately four inches off the ground will help ensure a stable load. As you add weight to the forks, the center of gravity shifts closer to the front axle.
What is load Centre in forklift?
The load centre represents the tipping point for a forklift truck. Essentially, a load centre is the middle of a forklift load, when measured front to back. This is calculated by measuring whatever it is you need to lift, then dividing by two (assuming an even load).
Where is the center of gravity located on an order picker?
When moving cargo, the center of gravity of the forklift should remain within the confines of the balance pyramid. If the center is outside this area, then the machinery is likely to tip over when moving.
How does the center of gravity change on a forklift?
When unloaded, the forklift’s center of gravity is right about here. When a load is added, the forklift’s center of gravity moves towards the forks. Heavier loads shift the center of gravity forward even further. Raising the load also shifts the center of gravity forward.
At what distance is a forklift considered to be unattended?
According to OSHA, a forklift is considered unattended when its operator is 25 feet or more away from it and it remains in the operator’s view or when he leaves the truck and it is now in his view.
Where is the point of balance on a forklift?
The Forklift Fulcrum
The front axle is the fulcrum of the forklift where the counterweight and the load find balance.
When a lift truck is turning Is it more stable loaded or unloaded?
How should you raise the load? When a load is raised, the lift truck is less stable. … Attend the controls of the forklift truck when a load is elevated. In other words, the operator must stay on the forklift when the load is in a raised position.
How often should operators inspect their forklift?
Federal OSHA requires that forklift vehicles have to be inspected at least daily, or after each shift when used around the clock. You will find this requirement in the Powered Industrial Truck standard at 1910.178(q)(7).
Where can I not park a forklift?
Do not park an industrial lift truck near doorways, switches and electricity boards, fire fighting equipment, blind corners, on inclines, on soft ground, middle of an aisle, fire exits or pedestrian walk ways.
How is forklift load calculation?
Load centre is calculated by dividing the length of the load by two. Forklift A is overloaded, as it’s Load Centre is 700mm, which is 100mm in excess of the rating of the forklift.
How is forklift capacity calculated?
The maximum Load Moment for a truck is derived by multiplying the weight rating of the forklift by the center load distance. If we multiply the 5,000-pound capacity of our theoretical forklift by its 24-inch center load, we arrive at a maximum Load Moment of 120,000 inch-pounds.
When should you drive a forklift backwards?
If a load on the forks blocks your view of the intended path of travel, travel in reverse. Always maintain a safe distance from the forklift ahead of you (about three truck lengths)
What will happen if the combined center of gravity?
What will happen if the ” Combined Center of Gravity” moves outside the stability triangle? The lift truck will tip over in the same direction. As the load center increases the capacity increases.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.