Loaded forklifts must be driven with the load pointed up the ramp (good standard practice is to ALWAYS drive with the load pointed up the ramp or slope). Raise levels should be limited to the minimum height necessary for ground clearance.
How do you drive a forklift on a ramp?
When going down a ramp, drive in reverse with the load and keep the forks pointed up the slope. When traveling without a load, the forks should always point down the slope. The forklift operator should also drive in reverse up the ramp or drive forward when going down the ramp.
Why should a lift truck not be turned on a ramp?
Driving Direction on Grades
This will help prevent the load from sliding off the forks. Never turn on a ramp or grade. Also, regardless of direction you should always travel with an unloaded forklift with the forks pointed downgrade. This will help improve braking and traction while descending or ascending the ramp.
How do you drive an unloaded lift truck on a ramp?
What should you do to load (unload) vehicles using a forklift truck?
- Keep forks pointed downhill when traveling without a load on a ramp.
- Keep forks pointed uphill when traveling with a load on a ramp.
Should you turn a lift truck on a ramp or slope?
Always look in the direction of travel. Never turn on a ramp or incline. Turn prior to the ramp or incline to place forks in proper direction. Keep a safe distance from the edge of a ramp.
Can a forklift go up a ramp?
A ramp, slope, or incline is defined as an angle that exceeds 10 percent. … Loaded forklifts must be driven with the load pointed up the ramp (good standard practice is to ALWAYS drive with the load pointed up the ramp or slope). Raise levels should be limited to the minimum height necessary for ground clearance.
When going down ramps with a 10 percent grade on higher loads of a forklift should be?
When driving on ramps with a grade of 10 percent or more with a loaded forklift, you must always keep the load uphill, even if it means driving in reverse down the ramp.
How long does it take to stop a lift truck that is traveling at full speed?
It will take another 10 feet for the forklift to come to a full-stop. If the forklift is going 8 mph, the distance jumps to 42 feet. At a speed of 9 mph the distance jumps up to 51 or more feet.
What is the first thing you need to do before raising or lowering a load?
Check that the overhead clearance is adequate before raising loads. Do not raise or lower the fork unless the lift truck is stopped and braked. Lift loads straight up or tilt back slightly. Do not lift a load that extends above the load backrest unless no part of the load can possibly slide back toward the operator.
Should you jump off during a tipover?
Never jump off of a forklift. If the forklift is tipping over, do not attempt to jump off, because you could be pinned under the lift. If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off.
What is the most common type of lift truck accident?
The most common type of lift truck accident is one of the most fatal: being crushed by a lift truck. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that most fatal lift truck accidents happen when a worker is crushed by a forklift overturns or falls from a loading dock.
What formula determines the load’s moment?
A load moment is when a load center’s distance from a fulcrum increase. This determines how much overturning force is being applied to the forklift, and is a product of load weight times distance from the fulcrum (i.e., load moment = weight x distance).
What is plugging on a lift truck?
What is forklift plugging? Plugging, also called regenerative braking, regen or switch-back, occurs when an operator traveling in one direction uses the directional selector to switch to the opposite direction.
What happens to the center of gravity when you lift a heavy load above the forklift?
Heavier loads shift the center of gravity forward even further. Raising the load also shifts the center of gravity forward. In order to prevent the lift from tipping, the combined center of gravity of the load and the lift must stay inside the stability triangle (at ground level) at all times.
Why is it dangerous to turn a forklift on a ramp or slope?
Not only can operators be at risk when travelling recklessly on slopes but the safety of pedestrians is also compromised. The load in which the forklift operator may be transporting can also be significantly damaged or even destroyed if safety precautions are not followed within this situation.
Why must you never drive or operate a truck across an incline?
Why must you never drive or operate an industrial lift truck across an incline? … Industrial trucks are not designed to operate on side slopes and there is a strong possibility it will overturn.