When moving the forklift in reverse you must?
When should you drive a forklift in reverse?
- Always. Travel slowly when moving down slopes.
- Speed. Ensure the forks face uphill when traveling up or down slopes with a load because this ensures stability and prevents the load from falling off the fork arms. …
- Load. …
- No Load. …
Is it safe to drive a forklift backwards?
“It would be, in my opinion, a very dangerous way to drive a forklift for a long period of time,” Iunker said. Driving in reverse while looking backward would cause the steering wheel to move more than intended, making it very hard to control, he added.
What safety steps should you take before transporting a load?
Examine Your Equipment Before Use
Do a proper routine check of the cargo you’re transporting as well as the equipment you are using to do so. Your routine check should include checking the brakes, steering, controls, warning devices, mast and tires.
What should I check before operating a forklift?
Forklift Pre-Operation Checklist
- Fluid levels — oil, water, and hydraulic fluid.
- Leaks, cracks or any other visible defect including hydraulic hoses and mast chains. …
- Tire condition and pressure including cuts and gouges.
- Condition of the forks, including the top clip retaining pin and heel.
- Load backrest extension.
What is the minimum safe distance to drive behind another forklift?
Falling distance of an object from a pallet or 15 feet, 5 Feet both sides, 5 Feet Rear of Forklift. do so (ALL CLEAR). Do not pass under the forks while in operation. in operation and a fix object.
Why do forklifts have two brake pedals?
To begin with, every forklift comes equipped with an accelerator and a brake pedal. … That third pedal is called an Inching Brake. Its function is twofold. It initially acts as a brake and secondly disengages the transmission, allowing the engine speed to increase or decrease without affecting the drive of the forklift.
Why do Forklifts drive backwards?
Large loads on the forks can sometimes obscure operator vision, making it necessary to drive backwards for maximum visibility. When driving down a hill with a load, operators must often drive in reverse to keep loads from slipping off the forks and to maintain stability.
What will make the load more stable during travel?
When traveling with a load, always make sure to tilt the mast of the forklift backward so that the load will firmly place against the backrest to make it more secure during transport. By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
What is the largest cause of fatal or serious forklift accidents?
Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving lift trucks. Overturns can be caused by: Improper turning. Driving with an elevated load.
What are the 7 classes of forklifts?
The 7 Classes of Forklift Trucks
- Class 1: Electric Motor Rider Trucks.
- Class 2: Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks.
- Class 3: Electric Motor Hand or Hand-Rider Trucks.
- Class 4: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Cushion Tires.
- Class 5: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Pneumatic Tires.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
Parking Safety Rules
- Always try to find a level surface to park on. …
- Lower forks, or the forklift attachment, all the way to the ground. …
- Put the gear into neutral.
- Make sure the wheels are straight. …
- Set the parking brake every time you park the forklift. …
- Turn off the engine before dismounting the forklift.
Which side of the forklift is supporting more weight?
Weight distribution refers not only to the weight of the load, but also the weight of the forklift itself. An empty forklift has most of its weight in the rear, but when a load is placed on the lift, the weight distribution moves forward.
What steps are done daily before using a forklift?
1) Conducting a visual check
OSHA requires that all forklifts be examined at least daily before they are used to ensure that they’re in safe operating condition. If forklifts are used on a round-the-clock basis, then they must be examined after each shift.
What are 3 fluid levels that need to be checked before using the forklift?
Check of liquid Levels:
- Hydraulic fluid.
- Brake fluid.
- Engine oil coolant.
What is a safe speed for a forklift?
The Material Handling Equipment Distributors Association (MHEDA) recommends a max speed of 8 mph in general and a 3 mph max speed in areas where pedestrians are present.